Certain customs or behaviours are recognised as good and others as bad, and these collectively comprise morality — arguably the summation of our value system as human beings. So a conversation about ethical and moral decision-making is important. The words derive respectively from the word in Greek ethos, ethikos and Latin mores, moralisvariously translated as customs, manners or social norms.
The Ethical Issues Home Page is readily accessible by clicking on Contents, to be found at the top and bottom of each page. How could one do Christian ethics without the Ten Commandments, the eighth century B. Unanswered Questions Yet it has never been easy to apply biblical teaching to the circumstances in which believers find themselves.
Consider the problem faced by Clement of Alexandria in the third century: Was this pacifist teaching well founded? Does it make a claim on our consciences today? There are no simple answers. Even if the Bible, tradition, reason, and the guidance of the Holy Spirit are acknowledged as working cooperatively in helping us form our moral judgments, we do not overlook the extent to which these judgments are formed—whether we recognize it or not—by the norms of society—for better or for worse, and more often for worse.
We in the United States with ease carry into our moral consciousness prevailing views on race or capital punishment or gun control or the baptism of greed.
It will become evident in the following discussion why biblical ethics cannot pull the load by itself, but needs to be harnessed with tradition, reason, and the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
What then do we actually find in the Bible? We begin with the well-known Ten Commandments Exodus These commandments prohibit the worship of other gods than Yahweh, the God of Israel; prohibit the making and worship of images; prohibit the unworthy use of the divine name, Yahweh; specify the Sabbath the seventh day of the week, not to be confused with the Christian Sunday, the first day of the week as a day of rest; require respect of parents; prohibit killing usually understood as murder ; prohibit adultery; prohibit stealing; prohibit perjured testimony; and prohibit covetous attitudes which might prompt theft or adultery.
We note also the commandment to love your neighbor as yourself Leviticus In addition to these general or apodictic commandments we also find case law, statutes which deal with specific situations, as shown in this sampling of topics: Not cursing the deaf or putting stumbling block for blind Not hating brother in your heart Case of intercourse with slave who is betrothed Not eating flesh with blood in it Levirate marriage Deuteronomy 25 For a more complete sampling of case law in the Pentateuch, click on Case Law.
The prophets of the eighth and seventh centuries B. These books are pervaded by a simple, and somewhat simplistic, view of virtue and rewards, especially in Proverbs as in 2: The virtues of truthfulness, hard work, thrift, and domestic fidelity are held up for emulation.
Job and Ecclesiastes are in some respects refutations of this view that the righteous prosper, and the wicked suffer. In the references to the massacre of the Galileans and the collapse of the Siloam tower Luke The wisdom tradition seems to be alive and well in James, which may be regarded as a New Testament wisdom book.
Also, a scribal argument is brought in James 2: James goes beyond wisdom teaching with the enuncation of the parousia or coming of the Lord, who is also judge; thus there is an end-of-time type of reward-punishment scheme, with a crown of life for the virtuous, and, presumably, judgment for the sinner.
Virtues and vices are spelled out with some specificity [click on themes for a more complete listing]: The Letters of Paul.
Paul lays down a central, comprehensive, unifying principle. By the time he writes Romans, he is able to formulate the love commandment as the summation and fulfillment of the law But we also note that this is not the only principle to which he appeals.
If certain Corinthians had felt themselves free from constraints, and thus believed that they were permitted to join themselves to prostitutes, Paul does not deny the principle of freedom, but instead reminds them of the absurdity of their actions: Should I therefore take the members of Christ and make them members of a prostitute?
Beyond these general principles, Paul offers lists of virtues Galatians 5: The prime candidate for a teaching that is of perennial value is surely the commandment to love your neighbor as yourself. On the issue of homosexuality currently the subject of considerable discussionhis position seems clear, especially if one accepts the usual understanding of the texts for an alternative rendering, click on presentations by Gray Temple in texts ; and reference a more extended hermeneutics [pp.
Do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived! It is uncertain whether his opinion would have been different if he had known, as is now reliably claimed, that same-sex orientation, whatever its cause, is not a matter of choice but is something ineradicable.
These are examples of contingent cases: He had a return ticket for Onesimus, as Philemon makes clear. His view of marriage is at best a concessive one, based on various considerations: We can leave open the possibility that on other issues also he had no word of the Lord.Understand business social responsibility and ethics in marketing, including benefits, strategies, and a look at marketing practices to avoid.
Personal Information protection, Define what is ethical marketing for your firm. Decide which branch of ethics your marketers will apply. “In some ways, putting the greater good before your own can be thought of as the definition of ethical leadership, since it underlies so many of the other components.”“Ethical behavior reflects a value system that grows out of a coherent view of the world, based on equity, justice, the needs and rights of others as well as oneself, a.
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Browse M+ essays, research and term papers to jumpstart your assignment. Millions of students use us for homework, research and inspiration. A closer look at her childhood and personal experiences removes some element of mystery from her writings.
as one of the most influential and powerful forces in society. In. The terms reflection, critical reflection, reflective practice, reflective thinking and reflexivity have similar meanings and application in educational literature, as well .
1 1 Ethical Challenges and Dilemmas in Organizations A Case Study Approach The business of the modern world, for better or worse, is business. Unless we learn to conduct business in ways that. Expecting the Client to Fulfill your Personal or Social Needs.
Conscientiously define your own areas of competence, then practice only within these confines. Describe your ethical obligation, noting the relevant moral or ethics code principles that prompted your intervention.