American agriculture essay 1

Different tribes of Native Americans lived in the area that is now California for an estimated 13, to 15, years. Over tribes and bands inhabited the area. The natives controlled fire on a regional scale to create a low-intensity fire ecology which prevented larger, catastrophic fires and sustained a low-density agriculture in loose rotation; a sort of "wild" permaculture. This popular Spanish fantasy was printed in several editions with the earliest surviving edition published about

American agriculture essay 1

Why Farming is Important in America John Ikerd I believe that to live and work on a good farm is pleasant as well as challenging; for I know the joys and discomforts of farm life and hold an inborn fondness for those associations, which even in the hours of discouragement, I cannot deny.

I believe in the future of farming with a faith born not of words but of deeds. I believed those words then and believe them now, however, I do not believe in the future of agriculture as we know it today, or have known it, for at least the last 40 years.

One era is dying and another is being born.

Extract of essay "North American Agriculture"

If there is to be a future of farming in America, it will be with a new American agriculture essay 1 of farming — one very different from the American farms of the past fifty years.

Since the end of World War II, American agriculture has been dominated by the process of industrialization. The process actually began in the early s, with the introduction of agricultural mechanization.

However, most farms of the s and early s were not all that different from farms at the turn of the century. Horses were still the dominate source of farm power, livestock manure and crop rotations were still the recommended means of maintaining soil fertility and controlling pests, and thus, small, diversified family farms were still the norm.

However, wartime technologies heralded a new era in agriculture. In the late s, factories that had made tanks for the war started turning out tractors for farms.

Factories that had designed gun power started turning out cheap nitrogen fertilizers instead. And technologies developed for chemical warfare were redirected to the development of agriculture pesticides.

Ever since the end World War II, we have been promoting the industrialization of American agriculture — specialization, standardization, and consolidation of control.

For the past fifty years, farmers have been encouraged to specialize — first to specialize in livestock or crops, then in specific livestock species or crops, and finally in a specific phase of livestock or crop production.

Farm policies and agricultural technologies were designed to encourage specialization for the sake of greater economic efficiency. Increased mechanization, along with more sophisticated use of commercial fertilizers and pesticides, made the agricultural production process more controllable.

Crops were irrigated and animals were brought indoors, into confinement, to remove the uncertainty of weather. The final stage of industrialization is consolidation of control — in order to achieve the economic efficiencies from large-scale, specialized production.

Over the past several decades, we have seen industrial consolidation in terms of ever-fewer farmers and ever-larger farms. Today, we see the final phase of agricultural consolidation, the corporate takeover of agricultural production — in some cases through outright ownership, but in most cases through contract production.

The basic arguments in favor of corporate agriculture is the claim that individual farmers simply are no longer large enough to gain access to the technologies, capital, and marketing systems needed to compete in an increasingly global agricultural economy.

If there is to be a future for farming in America, it must be in a new and different kind of American farm. America simply can't depend on corporate farming — even if contract farming were made an acceptable way of life, which rarely is the case today.

As costs of land and labor in the U.

Energy and the Human Journey: Where We Have Been; Where We Can Go

We will simply import our food from other countries of the world where it can be produced more efficiently because of lower costs for land and labor.Summary to essay on topic "North American Agriculture" Around 10, BC life was changing for the people of North and South America.

The mammoth was disappearing and bison became the main source of food and clothing for early Native Americans. American Agriculture Essay 1. Topics: United States, Joseph Park American Agriculture Agriculture is a large part of the American economy and plays a major role in domestic affairs, even though there are foreign implications, such as aid to other poor.

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American agriculture essay 1

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Why Farming is Important in America [1] John Ikerd [2] Since the end of World War II, American agriculture has been dominated by the process of industrialization.

The process actually began in the early s, with the introduction of agricultural mechanization. This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S.

justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the antiwar movement, with a separate section on protest songs.

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3 Big Myths about Modern Agriculture - Scientific American