Create New "I'm just waiting for my wife to grow up.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Historians, philosophers, and scientists were all beginning to apply the idea of evolution to new areas of study of the human experience.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. But the fierce political debates that led first to the Second Reform Act of and then to the battles for the enfranchisement of women were accompanied by a deepening crisis of belief.
The novel Late Victorian fiction may express doubts and uncertainties, but in aesthetic terms it displays a new sophistication and self-confidence.
Initially a critic and translator, she was influenced, after the loss of her Christian faith, by the ideas of Ludwig Feuerbach and Auguste Comte. Her advanced intellectual interests combined with her sophisticated sense of the novel form to shape her remarkable fiction.
Her early novels—Adam BedeThe Mill on the Flossand Silas Marner —are closely observed studies of English rural life that offer, at the same time, complex contemporary ideas and a subtle tracing of moral issues.
Her masterpiece, Middlemarch —72is an unprecedentedly full study of the life of a provincial town, focused on the thwarted idealism of her two principal characters. George Eliot is a realist, but her realism involves a scientific analysis of the interior processes of social and personal existence.
Her fellow realist Anthony Trollope published his first novel in but only established his distinctive manner with The Wardenthe first of a series of six novels set in the fictional county of Barsetshire and completed in This sequence was followed by a further series, the six-volume Palliser group —80set in the world of British parliamentary politics.
Trollope published an astonishing total of 47 novels, and his Autobiography is a uniquely candid account of the working life of a Victorian writer. His prose style is eccentric and his achievement uneven.
In the s the three-volume novel, with its panoramic vistas and proliferating subplots, began to give way to more narrowly focused one-volume novels. The flowering of realist fiction was also accompanied, perhaps inevitably, by a revival of its opposite, the romance.
The s had produced a new subgenre, the sensation novel, seen at its best in the work of Wilkie Collins. Wells make it possible to speak of a full-scale romance revival.
Realism continued to flourish, however, sometimes encouraged by the example of European realist and naturalist novelists. The greatest novelist of this generation, however, was Thomas Hardy. His first published novel, Desperate Remedies, appeared in and was followed by 13 more before he abandoned prose to publish in the 20th century only poetry.
The earnest political use of the Middle Ages found in Carlyle and Ruskin did not die out—Morris himself continued it and linked it, in the s, with Marxism. But these writers also used medieval settings as a context that made possible an uninhibited treatment of sex and violence.
The carefully wrought religious poetry of Christina Rossetti is perhaps truer to the original, pious purposes of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Her first collection, Goblin Market and Other Poemswith its vivid but richly ambiguous title poem, established her status as one of the outstanding lyric poets of the century.
The other outstanding religious poet of this period is Gerard Manley Hopkinsa Jesuit priest whose work was first collected as Poems innearly 30 years after his death. Overpraised by Modernist critics, who saw him as the sole great poet of the era, he was in fact an important minor talent and an ingenious technical innovator.
The s witnessed a flowering of lyric verse, influenced intellectually by the critic and novelist Walter Pater and formally by contemporary French practice. Thompson provides a vivid example of the way in which a decadent manner could, paradoxically, be combined with fierce religious enthusiasm.
A rather different note was struck by Rudyard Kiplingwho combined polemical force and sharp observation particularly of colonial experience with a remarkable metrical vigour. The Victorian theatre Early Victorian drama was a popular art form, appealing to an uneducated audience that demanded emotional excitement rather than intellectual subtlety.
Vivacious melodramas did not, however, hold exclusive possession of the stage. The mid-century saw lively comedies by Dion Boucicault and Tom Taylor. In the s T. The s were, however, the outstanding decade of dramatic innovation.
Oscar Wilde crowned his brief career as a playwright with one of the few great high comedies in English, The Importance of Being Earnest Grein founded the Independent Theatre in to foster such work and staged there the first plays of George Bernard Shaw and translations of Ibsen.
Victorian literary comedy Victorian literature began with such humorous books as Sartor Resartus and The Pickwick Papers.Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin A story where (usually) a man falls in love with a woman, having raised her from childhood.
She looked up to the man, thought of him as a father figure or beloved uncle, a guardian, counted on him to be there when she needed him, etc. Cecily Cardew. If Gwendolen is a product of London high society, Cecily is its antithesis.
She is a child of nature, as ingenuous and unspoiled as a pink rose, to which Algernon compares her in Act II. Cecily Cardew. If Gwendolen is a product of London high society, Cecily is its antithesis.
She is a child of nature, as ingenuous and unspoiled as a pink rose, to which Algernon compares her in Act II. The Picture of Dorian Gray is a Gothic and philosophical novel by Oscar Wilde, first published complete in the July issue of Lippincott's Monthly Magazine.
Fearing the story was indecent, the magazine's editor without Wilde's knowledge deleted roughly five hundred words before publication.
A list of all the characters in The Importance of Being Earnest. The The Importance of Being Earnest characters covered include: John (Jack/Ernest) Worthing, J.P., Algernon Moncrieff, Gwendolen Fairfax, Cecily Cardew, Lady Bracknell, Miss Prism, Rev.
Canon Chasuble, D.D., Lane, Merriman.