Conclusion and Bibliography I. Introduction Wrongful convictions occur when innocent defendants are found guilty in criminal trials, or when defendants feel compelled to plead guilty to crimes they did not commit in order to avoid the death penalty or extremely long prison sentences. The term wrongful conviction can also refer to cases in which a jury erroneously finds a person with a good defense guilty e. This research paper deals with the first type of wrongful convictions, or wrong person convictions.
Wrongful Convictions Essay - Paper Example Wrongful Convictions Essay A miscarriage of justice primarily is the conviction and punishment of a person for a crime they did not commit - Wrongful Convictions Essay introduction. The most serious instances occur when a wrongful conviction is not overturned for several years, or until after the innocent person has been executed or died in jail.
More than 2, people have been exonerated of serious crimes since in the United States, according to a report by college researchers who have established the first national registry of exonerations. Here are a few common causes of wrongful convictions; these are not the only causes however during my research these are the ones that stood out the most to me.
Eyewitness Misidentification Eyewitness misidentification is the single greatest cause of wrongful convictions nationwide. Research shows that the human mind is not like a tape recorder; we neither record events exactly as we see them, nor recall them like a tape that has been rewound.
Instead, witness memory is like any other evidence at a crime scene; it must be preserved carefully and retrieved methodically, or it can be contaminated. Junk Science Many forensic testing methods have been applied with little or no scientific validation and with inadequate assessments of their significance or reliability.
As a result, forensic analysts sometimes testify in cases without a proper scientific basis for their findings. And in some cases, forensic analysts have engaged in misconduct.
False Confessions In many cases, innocent defendants make incriminating statements, deliver outright confessions, or plead guilty. Regardless of the age, capacity, or state of the confessor, what they often have in common is a decision—at some point during the interrogation process—that confessing will be more beneficial to them than continuing to maintain their innocence.
Government Misconduct In some cases, government officials take steps to ensure that a defendant is convicted despite weak evidence or even clear proof of innocence.
We will write a custom essay sample on Wrongful Convictions.Included: death penalty pros and cons content. Preview text: Wrongful Conviction: Another strong argument against the death penalty is that of potential wrongful conviction, where an innocent person is sentenced to die.
In fact, DNA evidence, which is now the primary method of conviction . Wrongful Convictions essays The courtroom grew extremely mute as the verdict was handed out. "We find the defendant guilty of second-degree murder," were the next and final words that came from the foreman of the jury.
People in the courtroom, mainly consisting of friends and family of t. Wrongful Convictions Essay. A miscarriage of justice primarily is the conviction and punishment of a person for a crime they did not commit - Wrongful Convictions Essay introduction.
The term can also apply to errors in the other direction—”errors of impunity” and to civil cases. The Problem with Race in Wrongful Conviction and Exonearation - The Problem with Race in Wrongful Conviction and Exoneration Introduction The main purpose of this article is to look at the possible link between race and exoneration, and how race and wrongful convictions lead to the exonerations.
This sample Wrongful Convictions Research Paper features: + words (25 pages), an outline, APA format in-text citations, and a bibliography with All convictions subject to significant processing What constitutes ˝significant processing ˛ is something for another regardbouddhiste.com now let ˇs turn to the numerator, the number of wrongful convictions.