Bowlbys theory of maternal deprivation

Harlow was born and raised in Fairfield, Iowa, the third of four brothers. After a semester as an English major with nearly disastrous grades, he declared himself as a psychology major.

Bowlbys theory of maternal deprivation

Sign up to Marked by Teachers

However, he also liked the work of Lorenz on the innate nature of bonds through imprinting and combined these two very different ideas to produce his own evolutionary theory of attachments.

Bowlby believed that attachment is innate and adaptive. We are all born with an inherited need to form attachments and this is to help us survive.

In human terms, the newborn infant is helpless and relies on its mother for food, warmth etc.

Bowlbys theory of maternal deprivation

Similarly the mother inherits a genetic blueprint that predisposes her to loving behaviour towards the infant. Bowlby believed that an attachment promotes survival in 3 ways: Separation results in feelings of anxiety. Safe base for exploration: This also develops independence necessary in later life.

Bowlby believed that this first relationship forms a template or schema that gives the child a feel for what a relationship is.

Bowlbys theory of maternal deprivation

It uses this in future years to develop other relationships and is particularly important in determining the parenting skills in later life. Other aspects of the theory deary Monotropy The argument here is not as straight forward as it first appears.

On the face of it the debate is between many attachments or just the one. Bowlby claimed that there was a hierarchy of attachments, with a primary caregiver, usually the mother at the top.


However, the infants still go on to form their primary attachment with their biological mother. The Internal Working Model and Continuity hypothesis The internal working model is the concept of a schema.

Maternal deprivation - Wikipedia

Strictly speaking an internal mental representation of what constitutes a relationship. This IWM provides a template and a set of expectations for future relationships. For example, a secure attachment as a child leads to greater emotional and social stability as an adult, whereas an insecure attachment is likely to lead to difficulties with later relationships.

As already mentioned this is likely to be reflected in the parenting style when the child matures and has children of their own.

This longer-term effect is the continuity hypothesis. The IWM is measurable and long term consequences of maternal deprivation might include the following: • delinquency, • reduced intelligence, • increased aggression, • depression, • affectionless psychopathy Affectionless psychopathy is an inability show affection or concern for others.

Such of. Mar 11,  · Bowlby was a psychologist who founded a very influential theory about child attachment, this is often known as the maternal deprivation theory (Bowlby, ).

Summary: Attachment theory emphasizes the importance of a secure and trusting mother-infant bond on development and well-being.

Main Points of Bowlby’s Theory

Originator and key contributors: John Bowlby () British child psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, known for his theory on attachment.

John Bowlby proposed a theory of attachment but before this he developed the theory of maternal deprivation () This theory focused on the idea that the continual nurture from a mother or mother-substitute is essential for normal psychological development of babies and toddlers, both emotionally and intellectually.

The changes to the specification bring together the strengths of the two A-level specifications previously offered by AQA and address Ofqual requirements with respect to the skills to be developed, the content to be studied and the assessment techniques.

Bowlby’s evolutionary theory of attachment An extension of Lorenz’s theory Bowlby worked for many years as a child psychoanalyst so was clearly very influenced by Freud’s theories and child development.

Harry Harlow - Wikipedia