I prepared part two for a meeting of the Japanese Modern History Research Association where I presented it together with part one on May
Electricity demand is increasing twice as fast as overall energy use and is likely to rise by more than two-thirds to Almost all reports on future energy supply from major organisations suggest an increasing role for nuclear power as an environmentally benign way of producing reliable electricity on a large scale.
Growth in the world's population and economy, coupled with rapid urbanisation, will result in a substantial increase in energy demand over the coming years. The United Nations UN estimates that the world's population will grow from 7. The challenge of meeting rapidly growing energy demand, whilst reducing harmful emissions of greenhouse gases, is very significant and proving challenging.
In global atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide rose by 0. Electricity demand growth has outpaced growth in final energy demand for many years. Increased electrification of end-uses — such as transport, space cooling, large appliances, ICT, and others — are key contributors to rising electricity demand.
The number of people without access to electricity has fallen substantially; inthe EIA estimates 1. Aside from the challenges of meeting increasing demand and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, cleaner air is a vital need. Studies have repeatedly shown that nuclear energy is a low-emitting source of electricity production in general.
It is also specifically low-carbon; emitting among the lowest amount Essay on nuclear non-proliferation carbon dioxide equivalent per unit of energy produced when considering total life-cycle emissions.
Primary energy and electricity outlook There are many outlooks for primary energy and electricity published each year, many of which are summarised below.
The report's 'Current Policies Scenario' considers only policies firmly enacted at the time of writing, whilst the 'New Policies Scenario' — the central scenario — incorporates policies firmly enacted as well as an assessment of the results likely to stem from announced policy intentions.
In each recent WEO report, a third scenario is included that starts with a vision of how and over what timeframe the energy sector needs to change — primarily to decarbonise — and works back to the present. There are many changes ahead in the sources of primary energy used.
As the use of electricity grows significantly, the primary energy sources used to generate it are changing. In both scenarios generation from all low-carbon sources of electricity is required to grow substantially.
It is especially suitable for meeting large-scale, continuous electricity demand where reliability and predictability are vital — hence ideally matched to increasing urbanisation worldwide. It outlined measures to achieve this, including moves to reduce the cost of building new nuclear capacity and creating a level playing field that would allow all low-carbon generation technologies to compete on their merits.
Without that contribution, the cost of achieving deep decarbonisation targets increases significantly," the study finds.
The MIT study is designed to serve as a balanced, fact-based, and analysis-driven guide for stakeholders involved in nuclear energy, notably governments. With high carbon constraints, the system cost of electricity without nuclear power is twice as high in the USA and four times as high in China according to the MIT study.
Also clear across successive reports is the growing role that nuclear power will play in meeting global energy needs, while achieving security of supply and minimising carbon dioxide and air pollutant emissions. The report recommended a series of measures including increasing energy efficiency, reducing the use of inefficient coal-fired power plants, increasing investment in renewables, reducing methane emissions, and phasing out fossil fuels subsidies.
Half of the additional emissions reductions in its Scenario come from decarbonisation efforts in power supply, driven by high carbon price incentives. The IEA acknowledges that nuclear power is the second-biggest source of low-carbon electricity worldwide after hydropower and that the use of nuclear energy has avoided the release of 56 billion tonnes of CO2 sinceequivalent to almost two years of global emissions at current rates.
Most of the new nuclear plants are expected to be built in countries with price-regulated markets or where government-owned entities build, own, and operate the plants, or where governments act to facilitate private investment.
The Scenario gives a cost-effective transition to limiting global warming assuming an effective international agreement inand this brings about a more than doubling of nuclear capacity to GWe inwhile energy-related CO2 emissions peak before and then decline.
In this scenario, almost all new generating capacity built after needs to be low-carbon.words essay on the concept of Nuclear Non-Proliferation. The proliferation of well-funded and sophisticated terrorist groups worldwide has lent certain urgency to the question of the future of the nuclear stockpile in Central Asia.
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, also called Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, agreement of July 1, , signed by the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union, and 59 other states, under which the three major signatories, which possessed nuclear weapons, agreed not to assist other states in obtaining or producing them.
The world will need greatly increased energy supply in the next 20 years, especially cleanly-generated electricity. Electricity demand is increasing much more rapidly than overall energy use. Nuclear power is the most environmentally benign way of producing electricity on a large scale.
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The Nuclear Proliferation. During our oral presentation, we have shown to the class the stakes of the nuclear weapons proliferation.
As we said /5(1). It has been observed by experts that the further increase in number of nuclear-weapon states or any further elaboration of existing nuclear arsenals would lead to greater instability in the world at large.
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