Literature represents much of the very best of humanity's writings, and it is not by any accident that, after bestsellers and sensationalized books have faded from memory, literature continues to thrive and remain intensely relevant to contemporary human conditions. Literature's stories and texts survive the fires of time.
Plot[ edit ] In earlyHoward Roark is expelled from the architecture department of the Stanton Institute of Technology because he will not adhere to the school's preference for historical convention in building design.
Friedrich Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morals consists of a series of essays that argue for a historically conscious genealogy of the development of western morality. Morality, in Nietzsche's view, is not a timeless, objective truth, but rather the product of particular cultural and historical circumstances. philosophy. Curious about the major works and figures in the study of the nature of reality and existence? From Plato to Foucault, we break down the main ideas in philosophical thought. SparkNotes: Genealogy of Morals: First Essay, Sections A summary of First Essay, Sections in Friedrich Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals.
Cameron was once a renowned architect, but now gets few commissions. In the meantime, Roark's popular, but vacuous, school roommate Peter Keating whom Roark sometimes helped with projects graduates with high honors. Keating ingratiates himself with senior partner Guy Francon and works to remove rivals within his firm.
Eventually, he is made a partner. Meanwhile, Roark and Cameron create inspired work, but struggle financially.
After Cameron retires, Keating hires Roark, whom Francon soon fires for refusing to design a building in the classical style. Roark works briefly at another firm, then opens his own office but has trouble finding clients and closes it down. He gets a job in a granite quarry owned by Francon.
There he meets Francon's daughter Dominique, a columnist for The New York Banner, while she is staying at her family's estate nearby. They are immediately attracted to Friedrich nietzsche first essay sparknotes other, leading to a rough sexual encounter that Dominique later calls a rape.
Dominique also returns to New York and learns Roark is an architect. She attacks his work in public, but visits him for secret sexual encounters. Toohey, who writes a popular architecture column in the Banner, is an outspoken socialist who shapes public opinion through his column and a circle of influential associates.
Toohey sets out to destroy Roark through a smear campaign. Roark's unusual design includes a nude statue modeled on Dominique; Toohey persuades Stoddard to sue Roark for malpractice. Toohey and several architects including Keating testify at the trial that Roark is incompetent as an architect due to his rejection of historical styles.
Dominique speaks in Roark's defense, but he loses the case. Dominique decides that since she cannot have the world she wants, in which men like Roark are recognized for their greatness, she will live entirely in the world she has, which shuns Roark and praises Keating.
She marries Keating and turns herself over to him, doing and saying whatever he wants, such as persuading potential clients to hire him instead of Roark. To win Keating a prestigious commission offered by Gail Wynand, the owner and editor-in-chief of the Banner, Dominique agrees to sleep with Wynand.
Wynand is so strongly attracted to Dominique that he pays Keating to divorce her, after which Wynand and Dominique are married.
Wanting to build a home for himself and his new wife, Wynand discovers that Roark designed every building he likes and so hires him.
Roark and Wynand become close friends; Wynand is unaware of Roark's past relationship with Dominique. Washed up and out of the public eye, Keating pleads with Toohey to use his influence to get the commission for the much-sought-after Cortlandt housing project.
Keating knows his most successful projects were aided by Roark, so he asks for Roark's help in designing Cortlandt. Roark agrees in exchange for complete anonymity and Keating's promise that it will be built exactly as designed.
After taking a long vacation with Wynand, Roark returns to find that Keating was not able to prevent major changes from being made in Cortlandt's construction. Roark dynamites the project to prevent the subversion of his vision. Roark is arrested and his action is widely condemned, but Wynand decides to use his papers to defend his friend.
This unpopular stance hurts the circulation of his newspapers, and Wynand's employees go on strike after Wynand dismisses Toohey for disobeying him and criticizing Roark.
Faced with the prospect of closing the paper, Wynand gives in and publishes a denunciation of Roark. At his trial, Roark makes a speech about the value of ego and integrity, and he is found not guilty. Dominique leaves Wynand for Roark. Wynand, who has betrayed his own values by attacking Roark, finally grasps the nature of the power he thought he held.
He shuts down the Banner and commissions a final building from Roark, a skyscraper that will serve as a monument to human achievement.
Eighteen months later, the Wynand Building is under construction. Dominique, now Roark's wife, enters the site to meet him atop its steel framework. Rand's stated goal in writing fiction was to portray her vision of an ideal man.
Rand described the inspiration as limited to specific ideas he had about architecture and "the pattern of his career".
Introduced to the reader as Roark's classmate in architecture school, Keating does not really want to be an architect. He loves painting, but his mother steers him toward architecture instead.
He becomes a social climberfocused on improving his career and social standing using a combination of personal manipulation and conformity to popular styles.The Fountainhead is a novel by Russian-American author Ayn Rand, her first major literary regardbouddhiste.com novel's protagonist, Howard Roark, is an individualistic young architect who designs modernist buildings and refuses to compromise with an architectural establishment unwilling to accept innovation.
Roark embodies what Rand believed to be the ideal man, and his struggle reflects Rand's. The organization of the essay follows our template perfectly, both at the paragraph level (topic sentences and development sentences) and at the overall essay level (intro, an . These are some of the many databases available to you as a member of Middletown Thrall Library: Artemis (now Gale Literary Sources) Searches the following databases (described below): Literature Criticism Online, Literature for Students, Literature Resource Center, and Something about the Author.
The Unbearable Lightness of Being (Czech: Nesnesitelná lehkost bytí) is a novel by Milan Kundera, about two women, two men, a dog and their lives in the Prague Spring period of Czechoslovak history.
Although written in , this novel was not published until two years later, in a French translation (as L'Insoutenable légèreté de l'être). Friedrich nietzsche first essay sparknotes Philosophy Study Guides SparkNotes aaina a mental health advocacy Friedrich nietzsche first essay sparknotes newsletter published in India First four as pdfs.
Friedrich Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morals consists of a series of essays that argue for a historically conscious genealogy of the development of western morality.
Morality, in Nietzsche's view, is not a timeless, objective truth, but rather the product of particular cultural and historical circumstances.