It analysed data from six large-scale longitudinal studies: The researchers also used these datasets to investigate:
Share Human Rights Watch Prior to the conflict, the primary school enrollment rate in Syria was 99 percent and lower secondary school enrollment was 82 percent, with high gender parity. However, these children represent just 13 percent of the Syrian refugee school-aged population in Turkey.
The vast majority of Syrian children in Turkey live outside refugee camps in towns and cities, where their school enrollment rate is much lower—inonly 25 percent of them attended school. Some children in the 50 families that Human Rights Watch interviewed for this report had lost as many as four years of education, while others, too young for school when the war broke out inhad never set foot in a school building.
Many of them first suffered disruptions to their education when their schools in Syria were shelled or overtaken by armed groups. Upon arriving in Turkey, their education gap lengthened or became permanent. On average, the children we interviewed had lost two years of schooling.
Under international law, the government of Turkey is obligated to provide all children in Turkey with free and compulsory primary education and with access to secondary education.
Infor example, the government lifted restrictions requiring Syrians to produce a Turkish residency permit in order to enroll in public schools, instead making the public school system available to all Syrian children with a government-issued ID.
However, for all its efforts, Turkey has not yet succeeded in making education available to most Syrian refugee children in Turkey, especially those living outside the camps, and the laudable progress to date should be considered only the beginning of efforts to scale-up enrollment.
Overall, less than one-third of theSyrian school-aged children who entered Turkey in the last four years are attending school—meaning approximatelyremain unable to access education. Human Rights Watch research found that a number of addressable barriers prevent Syrian refugee children in Turkey who live outside refugee camps from attending school, above all: Child labor is rampant among the Syrian refugee population, to whom Turkey does not give work permits due to concerns about the effects on its host unemployed population.
Concerns about bullying and difficulties integrating with Turkish classmates prevent some Syrian families from enrolling their children in local public schools.
Moreover, this report finds that some Turkish schools have turned away refugee children or failed to reasonably accommodate their needs, and that temporary education centers are often overcrowded. Human Rights Watch interviewed non-camp Syrian refugee families to assess their educational situations.
We focused on non-camp refugees because of the low rate of enrollment among non-camp refugees in comparison to the high rate inside camps. In total, Human Rights Watch interviewed 50 households in person and one household over the phone. Not all members of each household were present during each interview; of the individuals present and directly interviewed, 71 were children between 5 and 17 years old.
Those present included 18 adult men, 42 adult women, 35 boys, and 36 girls. Including members who were not present, Human Rights Watch obtained information on the conditions of individuals, of whom were school-aged children.
Of the 48 households, 19 identified themselves as Arab, 15 as Kurdish, 2 as Turkmen, 1 as Circassian, and the rest did not disclose their ethnicity.
The interviewed families were identified through through local and international NGO referrals and contacts within the Syrian refugee community of each city.
The majority of interviews took place in private homes, while six took place in public parks and a refugee service center waiting room. Human Rights Watch was careful to conduct all interviews in safe and private places.
Interviews were conducted in Arabic and Kurdish, with the assistance of an interpreter. All interviewees received an explanation of the nature of the research and our intentions concerning the information gathered, and we obtained oral consent from each interviewee.
All were told that they could decline to answer questions or could end the interview at any time. Participants did not receive any material compensation. Human Rights Watch has withheld identification of individuals and agencies that requested anonymity.
We did not undertake surveys or a statistical study, but instead base our findings on extensive interviews, supplemented by our analysis of a wide range of published materials.Education begins at home. The responsibility to socialize and educate children is a shared obligation between parents and schools.
In order for a child to reach academic achievement, parents must be involved and participate in the educational process. The more parental involvement, the more students. The Impact of Parental Alienation on Children And alienating parents cause their children to not only hate the alienated parent, but also themselves.
and didn't receive a proper education. Sep 05, · Michigan Gambled on Charter Schools. Its Children Lost. Free-market boosters, including Betsy DeVos, promised that a radical expansion of charter schools would fix the stark inequalities in the.
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Over all respondents will be selected to investigate the impact of parents’ education on children schooling. Data will be collected through well structured interviewing schedule to check the accuracy and suitability of research tool, 10 respondents will be pretested.