It is native to the Greater Antilles and the West Indies. It has spread to the low lands of America and is now grown throughout the tropics, including Southeast Asia. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple oval, entire, and cm long. It has no alcohol.
It provides shade while the guava fruits are eaten fresh and made into drinks, ice cream, and preserves. In the richness of the Amazon, guava fruits often grow well beyond the size of tennis balls on well-branched trees or shrubs reaching up to 20 m high.
Cultivated varieties average about 10 meters in height and produce lemon-sized fruits.
The tree is easily identified by its distinctive thin, smooth, copper-colored bark that flakes off, showing a greenish layer beneath.
Guava fruit today is considered minor in terms of commercial world trade but is widely grown in the tropics, enriching the diet of hundreds of millions of people in the tropics of the world.
Guava has spread widely throughout the tropics because it thrives in a variety of soils, propagates easily, and bears fruit relatively quickly. The fruits contain numerous seeds that can produce a mature fruit-bearing plant within four years. In the Amazon rainforest guava fruits are much enjoyed by birds and monkeys, which disperse guava seeds in their droppings and cause spontaneous clumps of guava trees to grow throughout the rainforest.
Guava fruit is still enjoyed as a sweet treat by indigenous peoples throughout the rainforest, and the leaves and bark of the guava tree have a long history of medicinal uses that are still employed today.
The Tikuna Indians decoct the leaves or bark of guava as a cure for diarrhea. Tender leaves are chewed for bleeding gums and bad breath, and it is said to prevent hangovers if chewed before drinking. Indians throughout the Amazon gargle a leaf decoction for mouth sores, bleeding gums, or use it as a douche for vaginal discharge and to tighten and tone vaginal walls after childbirth.
Flowers are also mashed and applied to painful eye conditions such as sun strain, conjunctivitis or eye injuries. Centuries ago, European adventurers, traders, and missionaries in the Amazon Basin took the much enjoyed and tasty fruits to Africa, Asia, India, and the Pacific tropical regions, so that it is now cultivated throughout the tropical regions of the world.
Commercially the fruit is consumed fresh or used in the making of jams, jellies, paste or hardened jam, and juice. Guava leaves are in the Dutch Pharmacopoeia for the treatment of diarrhea, and the leaves are still used for diarrhea in Latin America, Central and West Africa, and Southeast Asia. In Peruvian herbal medicine systems today the plant is employed for diarrhea, gastroenteritis, intestinal worms, gastric disorders, vomiting, coughs, vaginal discharges, menstrual pain and hemorrhages, and edema.
In Brazil guava is considered an astringent drying agent and diuretic and is used for the same conditions as in Peru. A decoction is also recommended as a gargle for sore throats, laryngitis and swelling of the mouth, and used externally for skin ulcers, and vaginal irritation and discharges.
Guava fruit is higher in vitamin C than citrus 80 mg of vitamin C in g of fruit and contains appreciable amounts of vitamin A as well. Guava fruits are also a good source of pectin - a dietary fiber.
The leaves of guava are rich in flavonoids, in particular, quercetin. The flavonoids have demonstrated antibacterial activity. Quercetin is thought to contribute to the anti-diarrhea effect of guava; it is able to relax intestinal smooth muscle and inhibit bowel contractions.It is recommended that future researchers should: 1) why it is less effective if satin is mixed with potassium carbonate and sodium borate; 2) making the fire retardant cloth washable so that people can use it many times without spoiling its effects; 3) find if the solution is also effective to the other types of clothing materials.
* Investigatory Project “ Kaymito Leaves Decoction As Antiseptic Mouthwash ” INVESTIGATORY PROJECT KAYMITO LEAVES DECOCTION AS ANTISEPTIC MOUTHWASH Submitted by: Ronnel S.
Astringent- antiseptic properties Decoction- infusion of fresh leaves used for wound cleaning and skin to prevent infection and to facilitate healing. Good for skin disorders. Volatile- a substance that changes into a vapor at a relatively low temperature. Decoction of Guava Leaves. Methodology A. Materials B. Procedure Step l:Len a saucepan mix 1 cup of flour with 1/3 cup of sugar. Step 2:Add half of the water required and mix into a thick paste without clumps. Investigatory Project “ Kaymito Leaves Decoction as Antiseptic Mouthwash ” Investigatory Project Essay Sample ; Biology Investigatory Project. INVESTIGATORY PROJECT “ KAYMITO LEAVES DECOCTION AS ANTISEPTIC MOUTHWASH ” Submitted by: Ronnel S. Pinote I- INTRODUCTION A. Background of the study As an effective mouthwash is one that does not only make the breath fresh but also serves as an antiseptic.
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