Mozart effect for children book review

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: William Morrow; Harper Collins,

Mozart effect for children book review

In Rauscher et al. The mean spatial IQ scores were 8 and 9 points higher after listening to the music than in the other two conditions.

The enhancing effect did not extend beyond minutes. These results proved controversial. However, Rauscher has stressed that the Mozart effect is limited to spatial temporal reasoning and that there is no enhancement of general intelligence; some of the negative results, she thinks, may have been due to inappropriate test procedures 9.

So, does the Mozart effect exist? There Mozart effect for children book review been many studies on the localization of music perception. Techniques such as positron emission tomography PET and functional magnetic resonance scanning, together with studies on localized brain lesions, have shown that listening to music activates a wide distribution of brain areas.

The primary auditory area lies classically in the transverse and superior temporal gyri, but particular components of musical appreciation involving rhythm, pitch, metre, melody, and timbre are processed in many different areas of the brain.

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These range from the prefrontal cortex and superior temporal gyrus to the precuneus of the parietal lobe, with much interconnection of the different networks activated 1112 Rhythm and pitch discrimination are processed mainly in the left hemisphere whereas timbre and melody are found chiefly in the right.

Appreciation of metre does not appear to show hemispheric preference. Brain areas concerned with mental imaging as tested by spatial temporal tasks such as the building of three-dimensional cube assemblies in sequence were also mapped by PET scanning The results show that the areas activated include the prefrontal, temporal and precuneus regions which overlap with those involved in music processing.

It is suggested, therefore, that listening to music would prime the activation of those areas of the brain which are concerned with spatial reasoning. In related experiments 15long-term effects of music were studied in groups of pre-school children aged years who were given keyboard music lessons for six months, during which time they studied pitch intervals, fingering techniques, sight reading, musical notation and playing from memory.

At the end of training all the children were able to perform simple melodies by Beethoven and Mozart. The improvement was limited to spatial-temporal reasoning; there was no effect on spatial recognition.

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The effect lasted unchanged for 24 hours after the end of the music lessons but the precise duration of the enhancement was not further explored. The longer duration of the effects than in previous reports was attributed to the length of exposure to music and the greater plasticity of the young brain.

In further experiments of this kind it has been claimed that the enhancement of spatial-temporal reasoning in children after piano training has resulted in significantly greater scores in higher mathematics In one study, listening to the Mozart sonata K for 10 minutes, in contrast to listening to a short story, resulted in enhanced synchrony of the firing pattern of the right frontal and left temporoparietal areas of the brain, which persisted for 12 minutes 6.

Listening to the sonata was also accompanied by increased power of the beta spectrum of the electroencephalogram in the right temporal, left temporal and right frontal regions In a further study, listening to music not that of Mozart also resulted in greater beta power, particularly in the area of the precuneus bilaterally In 23 of 29 patients with focal discharges or bursts of generalized spike and wave complexes who listened to the Mozart piano sonata K there was a significant decrease in epileptiform activity as shown by the electroencephalogram EEG Some individual patients showed especially striking improvement.

The fact that improvement took place even in a comatose patient demonstrates again that appreciation of the music is not a necessary feature of the Mozart effect. To determine whether this music could exert a longer effect, studies were conducted in an eight-year-old girl with a particularly intractable form of childhood epilepsy, the Lennox—Gastaut syndrome, with many drop attacks accompanied by bilateral spike and wave complexes and focal discharges from the right posterior temporal area At the end of the waking period the number of clinical seizures had fallen from 9 during the initial four hours to one during the last four hours and the number of seconds during which general discharges occurred fell from to The following day the number of attacks was two in seven and half hours.

Following the initial experiments of Rauscher et al. Some investigators observed that no enhancement of spatial temporal tests was seen after the minimalist music of Philip Glass 5and there was no improvement in epileptiform EEG tracings after old-time pop music In an attempt to determine the physical characteristics which were responsible for the Mozart effect, Hughes and Fino 21 subjected a wide range of music to computer analysis.

Another similarity between the music of Mozart and the two Bachs was the emphasis on the average power of particular notes, notably G3 HzC5 Hz and B5 Hz. It is suggested that music with a high degree of long-term periodicity, whether of Mozart or other composers, would resonate within the brain to decrease seizure activity and to enhance spatial-temporal performance.

Even in the studies with positive results the enhancement is small and lasts about 12 minutes. The effect varies between individuals and depends upon the spatial tasks chosen; general intelligence is not affected.

Rather more impressively, there is a beneficial effect on some patients with epilepsy.

Mozart effect for children book review

More studies are necessary, involving longer-term exposure to Mozart and to a wide selection of other composers, before the effect can be fully assessed. Music and spatial task performance.Product Description.

This is one of 3 audio titles based on the Avon Books release the Mozart Effect by author, teacher and musician Don Campbell. Study Guide: Discussion Topics for OUT OF MY MIND. The novel opens with a powerful discussion of the power of words and language.

How does this help capture the reader's attention? The Mozart Effect for Children: Awakening Your Child's Mind, Health, and Creativity with Music by Don Campbell In his groundbreaking book, The Mozart Effect ®, Don Campbell revealed the enormous healing powers of classical music.

The generality of the original positive findings has been criticized on the grounds that any Mozart effect is due to `enjoyment arousal' occasioned by this particular music and would not take place in the absence of its appreciation. long-term effects of music were studied in groups of pre-school children aged years who were given.

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The Raikov effect refers to a person's ability to mimic and take on the mindset of another person. For example, by pretending and acting like Albert Einstein, we .

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